PRINCIPALS’ MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHERS’ JOB PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ANAMBRA STATE
Keywords:Administration, management strategies, job performance, teachers, secondary school, Anambra State.
Effective principals’ management strategies create an environment that can be conducive to both teaching and learning, while ineffective principals’ management strategies often create chaos in the school system. This study empirically investigated principals’ management strategies for effective teachers’ performance in public senior secondary schools in Anambra State. A descriptive research design was adopted and the population of the study comprised 3395 teachers in public senior secondary schools in the six education zones identified in Anambra State. From the population, a sample of 263 respondents was randomly drawn from Onitsha and Awka education zones based on simple random sampling by balloting. The instrument for data collection was a researcher-designed questionnaire tagged; “Principals’ Management Strategies for Teachers’ Performance in Secondary Schools Questionnaire (PMSTPSSQ).” The instrument was validated by experts and the reliability coefficient of 0.87 was determined using the Cronbach Alpha method. Mean and standard deviation was used to answer the research questions while z-test statistics were used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that principals’ motivational, supervisory, staff training and development strategies influenced teachers’ performance in public senior secondary schools in Anambra State. The study concluded that the principals’ management strategies discussed have significantly contributed to teachers’ job performance in the administration of public secondary schools in Anambra State. The study, therefore, recommended the following amongst others; that motivation is an integral part of teachers’ job performance as such, principals should employ motivational strategies that will meet the needs of teachers to improve their job performance. Also, principals of public secondary schools should adopt appropriate supervisory techniques to continuously ensure effective administrative performance.