ANTIDIABETIC POTENTIAL OF FENUGREEK, CINNAMON AND ALOE VERA: A REVIEW OF CLINICAL TRIALS
Keywords:diabetes mellitus, cinnamon, fenugreek, aloe vera, clinical trials, antidiabetic, glycemic control, lipid profiles
Diabetes mellitus is a global health concern with increasing prevalence and associated complications. The search for alternative therapies to complement standard medical treatments has led to the investigation of botanicals such as cinnamon, fenugreek, and aloe vera due to their historical use in managing diabetes. This review aims to provide an overview of clinical trials evaluating the antidiabetic potential of these botanicals, including their effects on glycemic control, lipid profiles, and potential mechanisms of action. Clinical trials have shown promising results for cinnamon, fenugreek, and aloe vera in improving glycemic control. Reductions in fasting blood glucose and HbA1c levels have been observed in individuals receiving these botanicals. Additionally, some studies have reported favorable effects on lipid profiles, including reductions in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. The potential mechanisms of action include improved insulin sensitivity, enhanced glucose utilization, and modulation of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes. Despite the positive findings, limitations such as heterogeneity in study designs, lack of standardization, small sample sizes, and limited long-term studies exist within the current literature. Publication bias and variability in reporting quality are also observed. Further research is warranted to determine optimal dosages, establish long-term safety profiles, elucidate the underlying mechanisms of action, and explore the potential synergistic effects of combining these botanicals. However, further research is needed to address the limitations in the existing evidence and establish their optimal use in clinical practice. Individualized approaches, patient education, and monitoring are crucial when considering the integration of these botanicals into diabetes management. Continued investigation into their mechanisms of action and long-term safety will contribute to evidence-based diabetes treatment strategies.